|| Insa (Saluting)
wrestlers stand two meters apart facing each other with arms at their sides and feet
together. While watching the opponent's eyes the wrestlers bend at the waist, moving the
upper half of body to a 30 degree angle from the ground. The salutation begins and ends
all Syrum(Ssireum) competition, be it practice sessions or formal competition.
|| Baro Japki (The starting position)
kneel facing each other and each participant grasps his opponent's sash. The right hand
grips the belt at the opponent's waist. The left hand runs through the belt at the outside
of the leg. Both hand grips are such that the thumb is inside the belt with fingers
wrapping the outside with palms down. as if gripping a bar.Both participant bend at the
waist keeping the back straight. The head will rest at opponents right side. The right
foot is forward between opponent's leg with slight bend at knee and supports ：＼ of the
body weight. Feet are shoulder width apart.
|| Type of Competition
participants compete as either professionals or as amateur wrestlers. At the amateur level
competition occurs at the city. province and national level. The amateur level emphasizes
team competition but does have individual advancement and grand champion competition.
Professional competition is held at the national level only. This level emphasizes the
individual advancement and the grand championship. The professionals are typically
post-college age and previously competed at the amateur level. During tournament
competition individual champions are determined for each weight class. The competitor who
advances by winning each match through the final match is the champion for his weight
division. Two or three times wrestlers regardless of weight. This is to determine the
champion of the champions. The grand champion is recognized as a true hero of Korea.
|| Weight Classes
Competition and Team competition are conducted according to weight classifications. The
weight classes allow wrestlers, regardless of their size, to participate against opponents
who are approximately the same weight. The weigh-in is conducted the morning of
competition by the Syrum(Ssireum) officials. At the amateur level for individual competition
there are seven weight categories. For the professionals there are two weight classes:
Baekdu weight(over 100.1 kg) and Hanra weight(below 100 kg).Syrum( Ssireum) participants are
allowed to compete at one weight class above the weight at which they weighted-in.
|| Illegal Wrestling Maneuvers
competition is a fierce contact sport but does not allow certain moves to be used. For the
safety of the wrestler, maneuvers which deliberately cause injury are prohibited. Such
illegal activities include the following :
1.Choking or twisting the neck of the opponent.
2.Twisting or bending appendages against normal range of motion.
3.Butting the opponent with the head.
5.Slapping or hitting the opponent.
6.Blocking opponent's view or poking his eyes.
7.Bending the fingers against the joints.
8.Stalling and avoiding contact with the opponent.
9.Deliberately moving outside the contest area or intentionally pushing the
opponent out of bounds.
10.Purposely untying the Satba in order to get a rest.
11.Marking meaningless cries, remarks or gestures that are derogatory to the
|| Officiating Staff
Syrum(Ssireum) match, the officiating staff is composed of two persons, the referee-in-chief and
three assistant referees. Referee-in-chief is located in the contest area and has the
opportunity to move about during the match. His main responsibility is to determine the
winner. The assistant referees, located in chairs at the side of the contest area, assists
the referee-in-chief by providing information from a different vantage.
As the match begins the referee-in-chief holds the attention at the center of the contact
area under the spotlights. In professional competition, the referee wears a costume
similar to a type worn by ancient Koreans during the time of the three kingdoms, 400 AD.
The referee-in-chief has the sole responsibility for the conduct of the bout. He signals
the beginning of matches, points out fouls, and proclaims the winner. Referee-in-chief
moves about in a crouched position, attempting to detect any body part other than the
feet, touching the ground(i.e. "fail".) The Referee-in-chief is responsible for
stopping the wrestling when the situation may cause on injury to a wrestler. The assistant
referees may signal that the situation is dangerous or illegal but only the referee can
stop the match.
The referee is also responsible for determining which wrestler should be initiated and
awarded the victory when both wrestlers fall to the ground. If the referee can not
determine a winner, the assistant referees and the referee-in-chief meet in the center of
the contest area to discuss and decide the winner of the fall. In the event of a split
decision among the three officials, the referee-in-chief makes the final decision. The
referee-in-charge signals the victor of a fall by raising an arm in the direction of the
||Cirtera for Winning and Regulation
objective of Syrum(Ssireum) is for one wrestler to make the opponent fall to the ground. A fall
is defined as the event in which any body part other than the feet touch the ground.
Typically the wrestler who secures two out of three falls is declared the winner and
advances to the next round of the tournament. For the championship of each weight division
and for the grand championship, three out of five falls are used as the criterion for
determining the winners.
Syrum(Ssireum) participants compete for the falls during a three minute match(regulation time).
If neither wrestler has scored a fall at the end of regulation time, wrestler are given a
one minute rest. This is followed by a three minute overtime period of wrestling.
At the start of overtime both wrestlers are assumed to have one fall each. The winner is
the next one to execute the fall. In the event where no overtime fall occurs, the
wrestlers are weighed and victory is awarded to the lightest wrestler. The area for
competition is a sand-filled circle. For competitors to be awarded a fall, at least one
foot must be bounds. If a wrestler initiates a fall with both feet out of bounds, the fall
is not awarded. Competitors are encouraged by the official to compete in the center of the
contest area. The clock is stopped when wrestlers go out of bounds and the match time
resumes when both contestants have returned to the starting position at the center.
Scoring that occurs before the referee can restart the match is not awarded.